Born on December 25, 1971, Justin Pierre James Trudeau is a Canadian politician who has been the Liberal Party’s leader since 2013 and has served as Canada’s 23rd and current prime minister since 2015. Trudeau, the eldest son of Pierre Trudeau, is the second-youngest prime minister in Canadian history after Joe Clark. He is also the first to be a child or other relative of a former prime minister.
The Cannabis Act, which he signed into law during his first term as prime minister, legalized marijuana for recreational use. He also tried to reform Senate appointments by creating the Independent Advisory Board for Senate Appointments and implemented the federal carbon tax. In terms of foreign policy, the Trudeau administration signed the Paris Climate Change Agreement and negotiated trade agreements including the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership.
He received a penalty from Canada’s ethics commissioner for breaking the rules on conflicts of interest in the Aga Khan case and later in the SNC-Lavalin incident. In Canada’s COVID-19 epidemic, Trudeau has led the Liberals to two successive minority administrations in the 2019 and 2021 federal elections. In reaction to the 2020 Nova Scotia attacks, he introduced a ban on “assault-style” guns during his second term.
The ethics commissioner looked into him for his involvement in the WE Charity controversy a third time, but he was exonerated this time. He used the Emergencies Act for the first time since it was passed in 1988 in 2022 in reaction to the protests around the Freedom Convoy.